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Buhari is right; fuel subsidy is a fraud- Owei Lakemfa


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By Owei Lakemfa.

President Muhammadu Buhari was Petroleum Minister from 1976-78 and  Governor of North Eastern State, comprising  today’s Bauchi, Gombe, Borno, Yobe, Taraba and Adamawa States. He was also Head of State for 20 months from December 31, 1983. So when as a presidential candidate he told the country in 2011 that the much touted fuel subsidy is a fraud, it was assumed he knew what he was talking about.

He asked the basic question: “Who is subsidizing who?” He explained the  cost  process and told the public that fuel subsidy in an oil-soaked country like ours, is nothing but corruption; a brazen theft of public funds. As to how we can determine the true cost of a litre of fuel, he worked it out brilliantly: “the cost of one barrel at the wellhead and then the cost of transportation to the refinery, the cost of refining it and its cost at the pump.” Based on this basic economics he concluded: “If anybody says he is subsidizing anything, he is a fraud.”

Last  Wednesday, April 18, 2019,  President Buhari presided over the meeting of the Federal Executive Council (FEC) and allowed himself to be cowed by the subsidy sharks into accepting the delusion that there is high fuel subsidy. He let   himself  be conned into believing the International Monetary Fund (IMF) claims of fuel subsidy which must be removed to allow  higher  fuel prices. As in the past, the hike will   hurt the Nigerian people, negatively affect the economy and significantly, increase mass poverty. Already, under the Buhari  Presidency, Nigeria, with 87 million citizens  under the poverty line, has attained the dubious status of being the capital of world poverty.

For the Buhari leadership, it is no longer a question  of whether fuel prices will be increased; it is when. His Minister of Finance, Hajia Zainab Ahmed  at a press briefing said: “We need to find how we can exit fuel subsidy. But how do we do that? We do that only when we have enough buffers to cushion the effects of the removal for our people…In some countries, they provide buses to transport people, in some countries they provide subsidies for people that are directly requiring the subsidies… We have not found a way to do it. What we are doing now, the subsidy, it is everybody that is benefiting, whereas it should be the people that are really vulnerable that need it.”

 Her speech contains four main ingredients.  First, that  Buhari and his government accept the contrived  fuel subsidy.   Secondly, that the administration agrees with the IMF that fuel subsidy is like cancer which must  be   removed. Thirdly, that fuel price would be hiked. Fourthly, because Buhari loves poor Nigerians, he wants to cushion the effects of the price hike.

The issue of ‘cushioning” the effects, is a fraudulent  old trick repeatedly played on Nigerians. For instance when in 1989 and 1991, the Babangida regime increased fuel prices, it introduced “cushioning” effects   by launching   a Bus Mass Transit Programme (MTP) and  establishing the Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI) In the case of the Jonathan administration, after increasing prices on January 1, 2012,  it established  the Subsidy Reinvestment and EmpowermentProgram (SURE-P) as “cushioning” effect.

The fraudulent  logic in these cosmetic cushioning effects, is that subsidy favours only  the rich, there is therefore the need to assist the poor to bear the pains. While the Babangida and Jonathan governments, were more straight forward on these issues, the Buhari  government engages in camouflage. It is giving the impression that it is sorry for the people  that is why it must first put cushioning effects in place before increasing the price. This does not tally with its previous actions. On May 11, 2016, it   jacked fuel price from N87 to N145 without any so-called cushioning effects. Nigerians would not be unwise   if they believe  the Finance Minister when she said: “We should not be contemplating removing the subsidy because, indeed when we do, there will be people that will suffer.” In reality, it is like the   tiger stalking  its prey.

In fact, while the  Buhari government had claimed that  it was not paying subsidy and that it had thereby saved the country N1.4 trillion annually, in truth, it was paying about that amount as fuel subsidy.

Dr. Agbon Izielen  a Nigerian  oil expert based in Texas, United States  in December 2011, put flesh on Buhari’s informed submission on fuel pricing:  “At the refinery gate in Port Harcourt, the cost of a barrel of Qua Iboe crude oil is made up of the finding /development cost ($3.5/bbl) and a production/storage /transportation cost of $1.50 per barrel. Thus, at $5 per barrel, we can get Nigerian Qua Iboe crude to the refining gates at Port Harcourt and Warri. One barrel is 42 gallons or 159 litres.

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The price of 1 barrel of petrol at the Depot gate is the sum of the cost of crude oil, the refining cost and the pipeline transportation cost. Refining costs are at $12.6 per barrel and pipeline distribution costs are $1.50 per barrel. The Distribution Margins (Retailers, Transporters, Dealers, Bridging Funds, Administrative charges etc) are N15.49/litre or $16.58 per barrel. The true cost of 1 barrel of petrol at the Mobil filling station in Port Harcourt or anywhere else in Nigeria is therefore ($5 +$12.6+$1.5+$16.6) or $35.7 per barrel . This is equal to N33.36 per litre compared to the official price of N65 per litre. “

Armed with such scientific analysis, the Trade Union Movement that   December, 2011,  met then  President Goodluck Jonathan.  I was  the Acting General Secretary of the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) The government  technical team led by then Finance Minister, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala   tried to bamboozle us with all sorts of statistics, slides, videos and subsidy statements to justify the administration’s claims that the landing cost was N141 per litre.

We punctured holes in the   presentation and  showed the statistics to be padded. We went further to ask Dr. Okonjo-Iweala that since the government claimed that it  had a sixty percent local refining capacity, she should tell us the cost of a litre of locally refined fuel. She flared up protesting that she was not a liar. At that point, President Jonathan intervened, asking us to come with our statistics to    the next meeting slated for January, 2012.  But that was aborted as the government on January 1, 2012, increased a litre of fuel  from N65 to N141. With that, mass  street protests and strikes swept through the country. Although the waves did not sweep away the Jonathan government, it never recovered from the effects.

Except the Yar’Adua administration, all governments since 1987, has feasted on the fuel subsidy fraud.

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