Nigeria may become desert, conservation foundation warns
Nigeria is losing about a half kilometre of its land mass annually to desert encroachment and time is of essence before the entire country becomes a desert, a conservation foundation has warned.
The Director-General of the Nigerian Conservation Foundation, Dr Muktari Aminu-Kano, raised the alarm in Lagos on Sunday.
He made the disclosure at the 2018 edition of the Green Ball series with theme: “Green Recovery Nigeria: Restoring Mangroves and Reclaiming the Desert.”
Aminu-Kano said that mangroves were also being lost in the Niger Delta and that the nation had already lost up to 95 per cent of its forest cover.
He warned that urgent measures must be taken to curb deforestation and forest degradation to stop what he described as ugly consequences of climate change for the nation.
The NCF chief also warned on the “firewood crisis,’’ saying that the problem must be addressed to discourage use of fire wood use as cooking gas.
He stressed the need to strengthen the Green Recovery Nigeria scheme, aimed at retaining a significant proportion of Nigeria’s landmass under forest.
Aminu-Kano also called for sustained intensive awareness campaign among all tiers of governments to change the practice of tree felling to tree planting.
He noted that government must have to promote clean sources of cooking energy to protect the nation’s forests form being used as firewood.
“Green Recovery Nigeria is our push to bring the agenda that Nigeria is pathetically loosing 95 per cent of its forest cover and we have only five per cent left.
“350,000 hectares of land are being lost annually to desertification and the land lost is about 0.6, which is about half a kilometre every year.
“If you think you live in Lagos and it cannot reach you, it will only take some time. Imagine the annual movement of 0.6 kilometres.’’
The Chairman of the NCF Board of Trustees, Chief Philip Asiodu, in a speech, recalled that Nigeria entered an agreement with the Food and Agriculture Organisation in 1988 to restore 25 per cent of its forest cover.
Asiodu said that while other African countries commenced implementation of the agreement, Nigeria had done nothing and had lost almost all its forest cover.
He noted that with increasing population, the effects of climate change were manifested through gully erosions in the South East and desertification in the Sahel.
“There is a lot of work to do to persuade the government into action,’’ he said.
The Wife of the Lagos State Governor, Mrs Bolanle Ambode, represented by the Permanent Secretary, Lagos State Ministry of Environment, Mr Abiodun Bamgbose, thanked the NCF for its efforts at addressing environmental issues.
Ambode said that humanity had become vulnerable to how it treated the gift of the environment.
“The Lagos State Government does a lot of tree planting every year. All multinationals should rise and support this fight because government alone cannot do it,’’ she said.
At the event, an award was presented to Mrs Ajoke Muhammed, widow of late former Head of State, Gen. Murtala Muhammed for her contributions to issues involving sustainability and preservation of the environment.
The wife of the Ogun State Governor, Dr Olufunso Amosun, also received an award for her contributions to saving the environment.